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Задание 1/4
Задание 1. Translate into Russian

Paint and Varnish Market Size, Growth Rate Analysis and Forecast Report till 2022

The market is majorly influenced by the increasing automobile sector due to growing demand for vehicles and growth in construction industry due to increased spending power. Moreover, increasing urbanization in the developing as well as developed economies is positively affecting the paint and varnish market. However, stringent regulations for VOCs* and other unsafe elements in varnishes and paints is encouraging the major players to make changes in their products, which will ultimately hamper market growth of the market.

Nevertheless, rise in consumer’s awareness regarding the occurrence of VOCs and other unsafe elements in paints and varnishes is expected to increase the demand for other safer products. In the next decade, market is expected to witness major innovations since leading players are investing substantially in the development of cleaner and safer elements to be used in paints and varnishes.

*volatile organic compounds – летучие органические соединения

Задание 2/4
Задание 2. Choose the right section from the webpage where you can most likely find the following information. Match the headings (A-D) with the information in the sections of the site.
A. Home improvement in Germany
B. Global Overview on Decorative Paint
C. Top 5 trends in Paint and Coating Production
D. Pulp, Paint and Paperboard in Indonesia

Industry’s exports subdued by anti-dumping measures of North American and Australian authorities, and Australia implementing duties on paper from Indonesia ranging from 2.4% to 72.8% in December 2016. Indonesian industry’s production output expected to see robust CAGR of 8.8% over 2016-2021, driven by new investments into production capacity expansion and accelerating demand from packaging industry.

Despite raw materials price pressure and declining exports (-3% in 2016), local manufacturers experience 8.6% growth in revenue due to rising domestic orders and increase in selling price. Revenue of printing, book publishing, and newspaper industries increase by 6%, 5%, and 9% respectively over 2016, contributing to rising consumption of pulp and paper. Market value of pulp, paper and paperboard in Indonesia advances by 12.7% in 2016, due to rapidly expanding demand for packaging materials.

The global paints and varnishes industry is being driven by a recovering construction sector and strong automotive production in Asia Pacific. Meanwhile, producers of paints and varnishes are driven by megatrends such as the rise in healthy living and digital demand, smart cities and environmental concerns.

Factors such as health and wellness, the environment, convenience, nostalgia and technology are playing an increasingly important role in the global home paint market. Many emerging market consumers now have more money to spend and are becoming increasingly urbanised and Westernised in their tastes, while the impact of the “Great Recession” lingers on in many developed economies, where value for money is a priority for many.

The Asia Pacific region in general, and China and India in particular, are the most important markets for decorative paint. North America and Western Europe account for a little over a quarter of global sales in volume terms, with the importance of the later region diminishing steadily.

With urbanisation and strong economic growth the main drivers, India has already surpassed the US and is set to become a major driver of global growth in volume sales of decorative paint in the medium term. However, the outlook for growth is much dimmer for the other BRIC markets.

Current value growth continued in floor covering in 2018, with floor tiles and other floor covering seeing the best performances. The popularity of floor tiles is spreading beyond use in kitchens and bathrooms.

The fragmented home improvement competitive landscape in Germany is led by major manufacturer Robert Bosch, closely followed by private label lines from leading home improvement stores such as OBI Group and Bauhaus. These home improvement stores are widening their private label portfolios, whilst taking advantage of their market expertise and economies of scale.

Задание 3/4
Задание 3. Read the text and answer the questions.

In general, paints can be divided depending on their properties and application:

a) emulsion paints, also known as dispersion paints. They can be divided depending on the type of adhesive used:

  • acrylic paints - their binder is water dispersion of acrylic resin. They are characterized by very good flexibility and adhesion to the substrate. Acrylic paints have a wide range of applications and can be used to cover, for example, wood, concrete, plastics, plasters and many other surfaces. They have high abrasion resistance and allow water vapor, however, the surfaces painted are susceptible to various types of damage.
  • latex paints - the binder of this type of paint is rubber. Latex paints are extremely resistant to moisture and cleaning. Their advantage is a very easy application on various surfaces. The disadvantage is usually the high price. An example of the most modern latex paints are ceramic paints. They contain ceramic particles that form the so-called stain resistant coating. Thanks to this, the walls painted with them do not absorb dirt and dust.
  • Vinyl paints - the binder of these paints is polyvinyl acetate or polyvinyl chloride. They are used mainly in utility rooms, and their greatest advantage is easy washability. Unfortunately, they also make it difficult for the walls to breathe due to the low vapor permeability.

b) lime paint - the binder of these paints is lime putty diluted with water. They are cheap, but not durable. In order to increase the durability, admixtures of other water-borne adhesives (e.g. glue) or the addition of polyvinyl acetate are used. Lime paints are used for painting fresh concrete substrates, lime plasters and walls previously painted with lime paints. Currently, the use of these paints is very rare. This is due to their very low durability, dustiness and tendency to create cracks.

c) distempers - these are durable and breathable paints with excellent solubility in water. Plant or animal glues are their binder. Distempers are not very resistant to dirt, they cannot be washed and they absorb moisture from the environment. They are mainly suitable for painting lime and cement-lime plasters. Distempers are practically no longer used because they have been replaced by more modern paints.

d) silicate paints - their binder is potassium water glass. These paints are durable, non-flammable, resistant to moisture and have high mechanical resistance. They can be applied on brick, concrete and wooden substrates. When drying, they cure under the influence of CO2 contained in the air.

e) silicone paints - create a durable and weather-resistant coating. They are produced based on a silicone resin. They are suitable for painting concrete, wooden, brick and plaster substrates. These paints have the ability to self-clean.

3.1. Title the text:
3.2. Decide whether the following statements are true or false according to the text.

1. Modern latex paints contain ceramic particles and do not absorb dirt and dust.


2. Silicon resins serve as a base for silicon paints, but they are not durable.


3. Silicate paints can be applied on lime and cement-lime plasters.

3.3. Give an example of breathable paints.
3.4. What is used as a binder for these paints?
3.5. What types of paint are falling out of use?
Задание 4/4
Задание 4. Read the text and translate it from Russian into English.

На заводе принимаются любые виды отходов, возникающих в современном индустриальном обществе, начиная от электронных приборов, включая пластмассы, краски, растворители, и заканчивая органическими отходами, которые затем передаются на переработку и вторичное использование.

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